New | M318D Wheel Excavator

The D Series incorporates innovations for improved performance and versatility. Increased lifting capacity, improved cycle times and ease of operation lead to increased productivity and lower operating costs.

Engine ModelCat® C6.6 with ACERT™ Technology
Net Power166.0 hp
Gross Power174.0 hp
Bore4.13 in
Stroke5.0 in
Displacement403.0 in3
Maximum Torque at 1,400 rpm596.0 lb ft
Net Power - 80/1269/EEC166.0 hp
Net Power - ISO 9249166.0 hp
Net power (ISO 9249) at 1,800 rpm166.0 hp
Ratings1800.0 RPM
Maximum Travel Speed23.0 mph
Dozer Blade1700.0 lb
Outriggers2270.0 lb
Counterweight8810.0 lb
One-Piece Boom* - Front and Rear Outriggers40896.0 lb
One-Piece Boom* - Rear Dozer Only38250.0 lb
One-Piece Boom* - Rear Dozer, Front Outriggers40455.0 lb
Operating Weight18 200 to 20 100 kg (40,124 to 44,313 lb)
Sticks - Industrial - 3300 mm (9'3")1146.0 lb
Sticks - Long - 2800 mm (9'3")1323.0 lb
Sticks - Medium - 2500 mm (8'3")1279.0 lb
Sticks - Short - 2200 mm (7'3")1213.0 lb
VA Boom* - Front and Rear Outriggers42108.0 lb
VA Boom* - Rear Dozer Only39353.0 lb
VA Boom* - Rear Dozer, Front Outriggers41667.0 lb
Drawbar Pull22300.0 lb
Maximum Gradeability60%
Creeper Speed - 1st Gear2.0 mph
Creeper Speed - 2nd Gear8.0 mph
Forward/Reverse - 1st Gear5.0 mph
Forward/Reverse - 2nd Gear23.0 mph
Swing Mechanism
Swing Speed10.5 RPM
Swing Torque35403.0 lb ft
Standard1) 10.00-20 (dual pneumatic)
Optional1) 11.00-20 (dual pneumatic) 2) 18 R 19.5 XF (single pneumatic) 3) 10.00-20 (dual solid rubber)
Service Refill Capacities
Cooling9.5 gal
Engine Crankcase4.0 gal
Rear Axle Housing (Differential)3.7 gal
Front Steering Axle (Differential)2.8 gal
Final Drive0.7 gal
Powershift Transmission0.7 gal
Fuel Tank102.0 gal
Hydraulic System
Maximum Flow - Auxiliary Circuit - High Pressure66.0 gal/min
Maximum Flow - Auxiliary Circuit - Medium Pressure13.0 gal/min
Maximum Flow - Implement/Travel Circuit77.0 gal/min
Maximum Flow - Swing Mechanism30.0 gal/min
Maximum Pressure - Auxiliary Circuit - High Pressure5076.0 psi
Maximum Pressure - Auxiliary Circuit - Medium Pressure2683.0 psi
Maximum Pressure - Implement Circuit - Heavy Lift5439.0 psi
Maximum Pressure - Implement Circuit - Normal5076.0 psi
Maximum Pressure - Swing Mechanism4496.0 psi
Maximum Pressure - Travel Circuit5076.0 psi
System67.0 gal
Tank Capacity45.0 gal
Ground Clearance15.0 in
Maximum Steering Angle35°
Minimum Turning Radius - Standard Axle - End of One-Piece Boom27.0 ft
Minimum Turning Radius - Standard Axle - End of VA Boom23.0 ft
Minimum Turning Radius - Standard Axle - Outside of Tire21.0 ft
Minimum Turning Radius - Wide Axle - End of One-Piece Boom28.0 ft
Minimum Turning Radius - Wide Axle - End of VA Boom23.0 ft
Minimum Turning Radius - Wide Axle - Outside of Tire21.0 ft
Oscillation Axle Angle±9°
Bucket Specifications
Bucket Capacities0.38 to 1.26 m3 (0.5 to 1.65 yd3)
Working Ranges
Maximum Digging Depth20.87 ft
Maximum Reach at Ground Level31.5 ft
Sound Levels
Exterior SoundExterior Sound

Built for power, reliability, low maintenance, excellent fuel economy and low emissions.

Powerful Performance

The Cat® C6.6 engine with ACERT™ Technology introduces a series of evolutionary, incremental improvements that provide breakthrough engine performance. The building blocks of ACERT Technology are fuel delivery, air management and electronic control. ACERT Technology optimizes engine performance while meeting EPA Tier 3 engine emission regulations. The Cat C6.6 engine in the M318D delivers a maximum gross power of 130 kW (174 hp) at a rated speed of 1,800 rpm.

Low Fuel Consumption

The C6.6 is electronically controlled and uses Cat Common Rail Fuel System and fuel pump. This combination provides outstanding fuel consumption during both production and travel. When the system recognizes roading application the engine will operate at the most efficient system operating point to save fuel without compromising road performance.

Low Noise, Low Vibration

The Cat C6.6 design improves operator comfort by reducing sound and vibration.

Cooling System

An electronically controlled, hydraulic motor drives a variable speed on-demand fan for engine coolant and hydraulic oil. The optimum fan speed is determined based on coolant and hydraulic oil temperature resulting in reduced fuel consumption and lower sound levels. The electronic engine control continuously compensates for the varying fan load, providing consistent net power, regardless of operating conditions.

One-Touch Low Idle Control

The two stage, one-touch Automatic Engine Speed Control reduces engine speed if no operation is performed, maximizing fuel efficiency and reducing sound levels.

Waste Handling Package

The Waste Handling Package has been specifically developed for Cat Wheel Excavators working in waste transfer stations or other extremely dusty applications. This option features the following:

  • An automatic, hydraulic reversible fan that reverses airflow after a set interval, manually adjustable between 5 and 60 minutes with a switch located inside the cab.
  • A special dense wire mesh cooling system hood further reduces radiator clogging.
  • Two cyclone filters provide clean filtered air to the engine compartment, air cleaner, aftercooler and air conditioner condenser.

Load-sensing hydraulic system provides fast cycle times, increased lift capacity and high bucket and stick forces to maximize your productivity in any job.

Dedicated Swing Pump

A dedicated variable displacement piston pump and fixed displacement piston motor power the swing drive. This closed hydraulic circuit maximizes swing performance without reducing power to the other hydraulic functions, resulting in smoother combined movements.

Heavy Lift Mode

This mode maximizes lifting performance by boosting the lifting capability of the excavator by 7%.

Adjustable Hydraulic Sensitivity

This function allows the operator to adjust the aggressiveness of the machine according to the application. For precision work, one of four different levels of aggressiveness can be preselected.

Proportional Auxiliary Hydraulics

Versatility of the hydraulic system can be expanded to utilize a wide variety of hydraulic work tools using multiple valve options.

  • The Multi-Combined Valve is the core of the Tool Control System, allowing the operator to select up to ten preprogrammed work tools from the monitor. These preset hydraulic parameters support either one-way or two-way flow. The joystick sliding switches allow modulated control of the work tool.
  • A dedicated Hammer circuit is the best option for tools that require one-way flow only, and do not require the flexibility provided by the Multi-Combined Valve.
  • The Medium Pressure Function Valve provides proportional flow that is ideal for tilting buckets or rotating tools.
  • A new feature for the D Series Wheel Excavators is the optional second High Pressure valve. In combination with the Multi-Combined Valve, it provides the possibility to operate the machine with work tools or in applications requiring a third auxiliary hydraulic function, such as a tilting/rotating work tool.

Stick Regeneration Circuit

The stick regeneration circuit increases efficiency and helps increase controllability for higher productivity and lower operating costs.

Quick Coupler

The machine can be optionally equipped with a dedicated hydraulic circuit to operate hydraulic quick couplers.

Hydraulic Snubbers

Caterpillar integrates its cylinder snubber technology into all Wheel Excavator boom and stick cylinders. These snubbers help cushion shocks, reduce sound and increase cylinder life.

Reduces stress and vibrations transmitted to the machine and provides a more comfortable environment.

Rock Scraping

Scraping rock and finishing work is easy and fast. SmartBoom™ simplifies the task and allows the operator to concentrate on stick and bucket, while boom freely goes up and down without using pump flow.

Hammer Work

The front parts automatically follow the hammer while penetrating the rock. Blank shots or excessive force on the hammer are avoided resulting in longer life for the hammer and the machine. Similar advantages with vibratory plate compactors.

Truck Loading

Loading trucks from a bench is more productive and fuel efficient as the return cycle is reduced while the boom down function does not require pump flow.

The M318D helps build a better world and preserve the fragile environment.

Fuel Efficiency

The D Series Wheel Excavators are designed for outstanding performance with high fuel efficiency. This means more work done in a day, less fuel consumed and minimal impact on our environment.

Low Exhaust Emissions

The new Cat® C6.6 engine meets the EPA Tier 3 emissions regulations while offering increased performance, reliability and reduced fuel consumption and sound levels.

Quiet Operation

Operator and spectator noise levels are extremely low as a result of the new variable speed fan and remote cooling system.

Biodegradable Hydraulic Oil

The optional biodegradable hydraulic oil (Cat BIO HYDO Advanced HEES™) is formulated to provide excellent high‑pressure and high temperature characteristics, and is fully compatible with all hydraulic components. Cat BIO HYDO Advanced HEES™ is fully decomposed by soil or water microorganisms, providing a more environmentally sound alternative to mineral-based oils.

Fewer Leaks and Spills

Lubricant fillers and drains are designed to minimize spills. Cat O-Ring Face Seals, Cat XT™ Hose and hydraulic cylinders are all designed to help prevent fluid leaks that can reduce the machine performance and cause harm to the environment.

Longer Service Intervals

Working closely with your Cat dealer can help extend service intervals for engine oil, hydraulic oil, axle oil and coolant. Meaning fewer required fluids and fewer disposal, all adding up to lower operating costs.

The interior layout maximizes operator space, provides exceptional comfort and reduces operator fatigue.

Interior Operator Station

Improved visibility and ergonomics are some of the many new features of the D Series Wheel Excavators. The operator station provides maximum space and is designed for simplicity and functionality. Frequently used switches are centralized and are situated on the right-hand switch console. The left-hand seat console controls dozer blade and/or outriggers, and is tiltable for easy access to the cab. The fully automatic climate control adjusts temperature and air flow for exceptional operator comfort. Other comfort features include a cigar lighter, ashtray, cup/can holder, magazine rack and integrated mobile phone holder.

Cab Construction

The exterior design uses thick steel tubing along the bottom perimeter of the cab, improving the resistance to fatigue and vibration. This design allows the falling object guards to be bolted directly to the cab. The cab shell is attached to the frame with rubber mounts that limit vibration and sound transmitted from the frame, substantially reducing interior noise levels.

Viewing Area

To maximize visibility, all glass is affixed directly to the cab, eliminating the use of window frames. Choice of fixed or easy-to-open split front windshield meet operator preference and application conditions.

  • The 70/30 split front windshield stores the upper portion above the operator. The lower front windshield features a rounded design to maximize downward visibility and improves wiper coverage. Also features the one-touch action release system.
  • The fixed front windshield is high impact resistant laminated glass.
  • A large skylight provides superb upward visibility. The retractable sunscreen blocks direct sunlight.

Heated Mirrors

Another new feature is electrically heated mirrors, increasing safety and visibility in cold conditions.


The parallel wiper system maximizes visibility in poor weather conditions. The wiper virtually covers the entire front windshield, cleaning the operator’s immediate line of sight.


The new compact color monitor displays information in local language that is easy to read and understand. Functions include:

  • 2 times 5 programmable “Quick Access” buttons for one-touch selection of favorite functions.
  • Filter and oil change warnings are displayed when the number of hours reaches the maintenance interval.
  • Tool select function allows the operator to select up to 10 predefined hydraulic work tools.
  • Adjustable braking characteristics enable the operator to select three levels of travel motor retarder aggressiveness when releasing the travel pedal.
  • Provides a rear camera view that is activated through the monitor menu.

Deluxe Seat

The optional deluxe seat, equipped with an active seat climate system, improves operator comfort. Cooled air flows through the seat cushions to reduce body perspiration. On cold days, a two-step seat heater keeps the operator warm and comfortable. The fully adjustable seat with adjustable lumbar support automatically adjusts to the driver’s weight providing a more relaxed and comfortable environment.

Lunch Box

A large storage compartment is located behind the operator’s seat. The compartment provides sufficient room to store items such as a lunch box. A cover secures the contents during machine operation.

Foot Pedals

Two-way pedals for travel and auxiliary circuits provide increased floor space, reducing the need to change positions. The foot pedal for auxiliary high-pressure circuit can be locked in the off position and used as a footrest for greater operator comfort.

Cat Standard Rearview Camera

The rearview camera displays on the operator monitor. Together with the best in class visibility to the front, up, left and right, the rearview camera ensures the safe operation of the machine and fulfills the requirements of ISO 5006/EN474.

Undercarriage and axle design provides maximum strength, flexibility and mobility on wheels.

Increased Travel Speed

The maximum travel speed for the M318D is 37 km/h (23 mph), reducing travel time between sites and increasing productivity.

Heavy-Duty Axles and Stabilizers

The D Series Wheel Excavator undercarriage provides rigidity and long life. Effective hydraulic line routing, transmission protection and heavy-duty axles make the undercarriage perfect for wheel excavator applications. The front axle offers wide oscillating and steering angles. The transmission is mounted directly on the rear axle for protection and optimum ground clearance.

Advanced Disc Brake System

The disc brake system acts directly on the hub instead of the drive shaft to avoid planetary gear backlash. This solution minimizes the rocking effect associated with working free on wheels. The axle design lowers maintenance and lifetime costs. Oil change intervals are at 2,000 working hours, further reducing owning and operating costs.


The optional fenders provide excellent coverage of the front and rear tires, protecting the machine from mud and dirt. Water cannot splash up on the windscreen or cooler. The fenders further protect the machine from stones and debris being thrown up by the tires, providing additional safety for the machine, other vehicles and personnel working close to the excavator.

Designed for maximum flexibility to keep production high on all jobs.


Booms and sticks are welded, box section structures with thick, multiplate fabrications in high stress areas, for rugged performance and long service life.


The choice of two booms and four sticks provides the right balance of reach and digging forces for all applications.

Variable Adjustable (VA) Boom

The VA boom offers improved right side visibility and machine roading balance. When working in tight quarters or lifting heavy loads, the VA boom offers the best performance.

One-Piece Boom

The one-piece boom fits best for all standard applications such as truck loading and digging. A unique straight section in the curve of the side plate reduces stress flow and helps increase boom life.


Four different stick lengths are offered to match different application requirements:

  • Short stick (2200 mm [7 ft 3 in]) for maximum breakout force and lifting capability.
  • Medium stick (2500 mm [8 ft 3 in]) for greater crowd force and lift capacity.
  • Long stick (2800 mm [9 ft 3 in]) for greater depth and reach requirements.
  • Industrial stick (3300 mm [10 ft 10 in]) for use with free‑swinging grapples in material handling and industrial applications.

A wide variety of Work Tools help optimize machine performance. Purpose designed and built to Caterpillar’s high durability standards.

Work Tools

Cat work tools are designed to function as an integral part of your excavator and to provide the best possible performance in your particular application. All work tools are performance-matched to Cat machines.

Quick Couplers

Quick Couplers enable the operator to simply release one work tool and connect to another, making your hydraulic excavator highly versatile. Productivity also increases, as a carrier no longer needs to be idle between jobs. Caterpillar offers hydraulic and spindle quick coupler versions.


Caterpillar offers a wide range of specialized buckets, each designed and tested to function as an integral part of your excavator. Buckets feature the new Cat K Series™ Ground Engaging Tools.


Cat® hammer series deliver very high blow rates, increasing the productivity of your tool carriers in demolition and construction applications. Wide oil flow acceptance ranges make the Cat hammers suitable for a wide range of carriers and provide a system solution from one safe source.

Orange Peel Grapples

The Orange Peel Grapple is constructed of high-strength, wear-resistant steel, with a low and compact design that makes it ideal for dump clearance. There are several choices of tine and shell versions.


Thanks to its single basic housing design, the Multi-Processor series of hydraulic demolition equipment makes it possible to use a range of jaw sets that can handle any demolition job. The Multi-Processor is the most versatile demolition tool on the market.

Vibratory Plate Compactors

Cat compactors are performance-matched to Cat machines, and integrate perfectly with the Cat hammer line - brackets and hydraulic kits are fully interchangeable between hammers and compactors.


Cat shears provide superior and effective scrap processing, and are highly productive in demolition environments. Shears are compatible with a matching Cat excavator, and bolt-on brackets are available for either stick or boom-mounted options.

Simplified and easy maintenance save you time and money. Cat® dealer services help you operate longer with lower costs.

Ground Level Maintenance

Caterpillar designed its D Series Wheel Excavators with the operator and service technician in mind. Gull-wing doors, with pneumatically-assisted lift cylinders, effortlessly lift up to allow critical maintenance to be performed quickly and efficiently while maintaining operator safety.

Extended Service Intervals

The D Series Wheel Excavator service and maintenance intervals have been extended to reduce machine service time, increase machine availability and reduce operating costs. Using S·O·SSM Scheduled Oil Sampling analysis, hydraulic oil change intervals can be extended up to 6,000 hours.

Engine Oil

Cat engine oil is formulated to optimize engine life and performance. The specially formulated oil is more cost effective and increases engine oil change interval to 500 hours, providing industry leading performance and savings.

Air Filters

Cat air filters eliminate the use of service tools, reducing maintenance time. The air filter features a double-element construction with wall flow filtration in the main element and built-in mini-cyclone precleaners for superior cleaning efficiency. The air filters are constantly monitored for optimum performance. If airflow becomes restricted, a warning is displayed by the way of the in-cab monitor.

Capsule Filter

The hydraulic return filter, a capsule filter, prevents contaminants from entering the system when the hydraulic oil is changed.

Fuel Filters

Cat high efficiency fuel filters with a Stay-Clean Valve™ features a special media that removes more than 98% of particles, increasing fuel injector life. Both the primary and secondary fuel filters are located in the engine compartment and can be easily changed from ground level.

Water Separator

The D Series is equipped with a primary fuel filter with water separator located in the engine compartment. For ease of service, the water separator can be easily accessed from ground level.

Fuel Tank Drain

The durable, corrosion-free tank has a remote drain located at the bottom of the upper frame to remove water and sediment. The tank drain with hose connection allows simple, spill-free fluid draining.

Front Compartment

The front compartment hood can be opened vertically, providing outstanding ground level access to the batteries, air-to-air aftercooler, air conditioner condenser and the engine air filter.

Swing-out Air Conditioner Condenser

The air conditioning condenser swings out horizontally to allow complete cleaning on both sides as well as excellent access to the air-to-air aftercooler.

Scheduled Oil Sampling

Caterpillar has specially developed S·O·SSM Oil Sampling Analysis to help ensure better performance, longer life and increased customer satisfaction. This thorough and reliable early warning system detects traces of metals, dirt and other contaminants in your engine, axle and hydraulic oil. It can predict potential trouble avoiding costly failures. Your Cat dealer can give you results and specific recommendations shortly after receiving your sample.

Engine Inspection

The engine can be accessed from both ground level and the upper structure. The longitudinal layout ensures that all daily inspection items can be accessed from ground level.

Anti-Skid Plates

They cover the top of the steps and upper structure to help prevent slipping during maintenance. The Anti-Skid plates reduce the accumulation of mud on the upper structure, improving the cleanliness and safety.

Easy to Clean Coolers

Flat fins on all coolers reduce clogging, making it easier to remove debris. The main cooling fan and air conditioner condenser are both hinged for easier cleaning.

Remote Greasing Blocks

For those hard to reach locations, greasing blocks have been provided to reduce maintenance time.

Handrails and Steps

Large handrails and steps assist the operator in climbing on and off the machine.

LED Rear Lights

Standard Light Emitting Diode (LED) rear lights provide increased visibility on the job site, higher durability and longer life.

A wide variety of optional factory-installed attachments are available to enhance performance and improve job site management.

Tool Control

The integrated Tool Control system allows the operator to select up to 10 preset combinations. This eliminates the need to reset the hydraulic parameters each time a tool is changed. Individual flow and pressure can be programmed easily as well as one-way/two-way hydraulic functions. Each of the ten-programmed tools can even be given a specific name. The unique Cat proportional sliding switches and optional auxiliary pedal provide modulation to the tool to make precision work easy.

Joystick Steering

The unique joystick steering option enables an operator to reposition the machine while traveling in first gear by the use of the slider switch on the right joystick. This enables the operator to keep both hands on the joysticks while simultaneously moving the implements and traveling. The operator can do more precise work faster with increased safety around the machine.

Working and Travel Modes

There are 2 selectable working modes and one automatic travel setting. The operator can choose the best power setting for both engine and hydraulic power versus fuel efficiency.

  • Economy Mode - used for lifting, pipe setting, grading, slope finishing and precise work while reducing fuel consumption.
  • Power Mode - used for normal truck loading and digging applications, trenching or hammer use.
  • Travel Mode - automatically set when the travel pedal is actuated. It provides maximum speed and drawbar pull.

Product Link

Product Link allows remote monitoring of the machine, using a powerful telemetric system to transmit needed information to the customer and the dealer via a secure, web-based application, VisionLink™. Critical information, such as event and diagnostic codes, is readily accessible, as are machine statistics, such as hour-meter reading, fuel consumption and idle time. Mapping functions include location and geo-fencing, which assist in servicing operations and in preventing unauthorized machine use. With Product Link, the customer and the dealer have an invaluable tool for more efficiently managing machines and fleets.

Ride Control

The ride control system improves operator comfort and allows the machine to travel faster over rough terrain with improved ride quality for the operator. The ride control system features accumulators acting as shock absorbers to dampen the front part motion. Ride control can be activated through a button located on the soft switch panel in the cab.

  • Alternator, 75 A
  • Lights
  • Main shut-off switch
  • Maintenance free batteries
  • Signal/warning horn
  • Automatic engine speed control
  • Automatic starting aid
  • Cat C6.6 with ACERT Technology EPA Tier 3 compliant
  • Fuel/water separator with level indicator
  • Heavy lift mode
  • Load-sensing Plus hydraulic system
  • Manual work modes (economy, power)
  • Separate swing pump
  • Stick regeneration circuit
Operator Station
  • ROPS cab structure compliant with 2006/42/EC and tested according to ISO 12117-2:2008
  • Adjustable armrests
  • Air conditioner, heater and defroster with automatic climate control
  • Ash tray with cigarette lighter (24 volt)
  • Beverage cup/can holder
  • Bolt-on FOGS capability
  • Bottle holder
  • Bottom mounted parallel wiping system that covers the upper and lower windshield glass
  • Camera mounted on counterweight displays through cab monitor
  • Coat hook
  • Floor mat, washable, with storage compartment
  • Fully adjustable mechanical suspension seat
  • Instrument panel and gauges
  • Laminated front windshield
  • Left side console, tiltable, with lock out for all controls
  • Literature compartment behind seat
  • Literature holder in right console
  • Mobile phone holder
  • Parking brake
  • Positive filtered ventilation
  • Power supply, 12V-7A
  • Rear window, emergency exit
  • Retractable seat belt
  • Skylight
  • Sliding door windows
  • Steering column, tiltable
  • Storage area suitable for a lunch box
  • Sunshade for windshield and skylight
  • Heavy-duty axles, advanced travel motor, adjustable braking force
  • Oscillating front axle with remote greasing
  • Tires, 10.00-20 16 PR, dual
  • Tool boxes (right- and left-hand side) in undercarriage
  • Two-piece drive shaft
Other Equipment
  • Automatic swing brake
  • Counterweight, 4000 kg (8,810 lb)
  • Mirrors, frame and cab
  • Product Link ready
  • Tool box in upperframe, lockable








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