814

814 Wheel Dozer

Cat® wheel dozers combine the power of a track dozer with the mobility of a wheeled machine to deliver high production at low operating costs in a variety of applications — from surface mining cleanup to coal stock piling, road maintenance to reclamation.

814 Wheel Dozer

DESCRIPTION

Cat Wheel Dozers are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to support your job site efficiently and safely while lowering owning and operating costs.
Introduced in the 1970's, the 814 has been the industry leader for almost 50 years. Focused on helping our customers succeed, we have continued to build upon each new series. The 814 continues our legacy of reliability, performance, safety, operator comfort, serviceability, and efficiency.Cat Wheel Dozers are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to support your job site efficiently and safely while lowering owning and operating costs.<br>Introduced in the 1970's, the 814 has been the industry leader for almost 50 years. Focused on helping our customers succeed, we have continued to build upon each new series. The 814 continues our legacy of reliability, performance, safety, operator comfort, serviceability, and efficiency.

  • The full box-section rear frame resists torsional shock and twisting forces.
  • Solid through-width push beams transfer and absorb stresses through a larger portion of the frame.
  • Achieve longer component life with increased size of upper hitch pin, frame plate, and bearing.
  • Optimized axle mounting results in increased structural integrity.
  • Heavy-duty steering cylinder mounts efficiently transmit steering loads into the frame.
  • Robust structures withstand the toughest conditions and multiple
  • life cycles to improve your bottom line.
  • Resilient, durable blades are designed with excellent dozing and rolling characteristics.

814 Wheel Dozer
814 Wheel Dozer

  • The Cat C7.1 engine is designed for maximum fuel efficiency and increased power density.
  • New variable displacement load-sensing implement and steering pumps deliver on-demand hydraulic flow, resulting in improved fuel efficiency.
  • Avoid unnecessary idling with Engine Idle Shutdown and Auto Idle Kickdown.
  • Deep system integration among engine and emission, power train, hydraulic, and cooling systems results in lower fuel consumption on average compared to the previous model.
  • Innovative systems effectively lower the average working engine speed and reduce overall system heat loads for improved performance and fuel efficiency.
  • Best-in-class Cat Planetary Powershift Transmission features Advanced Productivity Electronic Control Strategy (APECS) controls for greater momentum on grades and increased fuel savings by carrying that momentum through the shift points.
  • Optional front and rear LED lighting system provides excellent workspace visibility.
  • Equipped for optional object detection to warn operators about potential hazards within the immediate vicinity of the machine.

  • The standard rear vision camera provides excellent workspace visibility.
  • Standard Cat Vision and optional heated mirrors increase awareness around the machine for safer operation.
  • Cab-mounted LED beacons provide warning for others near the machine.
  • Railings, ladders, and nonslip surfaces enhance technician and operator safety.
  • Platform outside of the cab allows the operator to easily maintain three points of contact with the machine.

814 Wheel Dozer
Service Truck

  • Integrated electronics provide flexible levels of information to both the site and the operator.
  • The touchscreen information display gives operators critical information when they need it.
  • Enhanced user interface allows for intuitive operation and easy navigation.
  • Stay informed about machine systems and diagnostic codes to maximize uptime and reduce service time.
  • Cat Product Link™ remote monitoring allows for remote access to information through the easy-to-use VisionLink® interface.
  • Vital Information Management System (VIMS™) gives access to a wide range of sensor information and enhanced machine data to resolve problems before machine failure.

  • Steering and Transmission Integrated Control System (STIC™) combines directional selection, gear selection, and steering into a single lever, maximizing responsiveness and control while reducing operator fatigue.
  • Experience reduced vibrations with isolated cab mounts and seatmounted implement and steering controls.
  • Cat Premium Plus seat improves operator comfort by having power lumbar and back bolster adjustment, ride stiffness adjustment and dynamic dampening, forced air heating and cooling, and a leather finish.
  • The ergonomic placement of controls and easy-to-operate fingercontrolled gear selection offer additional comfort.
  • Cab is pressurized with filtered air and automatic temperature controls.
  • Reduced interior sound levels keep operators comfortable throughout their entire shift.

814 Wheel Dozer - Cat Premium Plus Seat
814 Wheel Dozer

  • Advanced engine idle management helps reduce fuel costs and component wear when machine is not in use.
  • Generate less waste with maintenance-free batteries.
  • Maximize machine life and lower operating costs with Caterpillar Reman and Certified Rebuild programs, which use reused or remanufactured components for 40 to 70 percent cost savings.
  • Retrofit packages from Caterpillar deliver new features to older machines to get the most from your investment.
  • Standard high-speed oil changes are fast, easy, and secure.

  • Intuitive design features make maintenance safe and convenient.
  • Features ground level or platform access to easily reach daily service points.
  • Swing-out doors on either side of the engine compartment provide easy access to critical daily service checks.
  • Hydraulic oil cooler, air conditioner condenser, and fuel cooler are grouped together for easy access.
  • Sight gauges offer quick visual inspection to minimize fluid contamination.
  • Ecology drains prevent spills and allow for easier service.

Service Truck
814 Wheel Dozer Scoop

  • Available in wood chip arrangement.
  • Cat wood chip scoops have the unique capability of maximizing your production by both dozing and carrying a load with each pass.
  • A purpose built hydraulic system, optimized for use with this work tool, maximizes machine productivity and efficiency.
  • Lift cylinder provides hydraulic lift capacity matched to the demands of the application.
  • Equipped with automatic reversing fan with manual activation capability for easy cleanout and prevention of wood chip buildup.
  • Equipped with pressurized engine compartment to prevent wood chip ingestion through hood openings.
  • Extended top guard for increased capacity for wood chip scoops.
  • Higher ground pressure decreases risk of fires and maximizes use of storage space.
  • Less damage to wood chips due to rubber tires.
  • High ground speed provides ability to manage multiple piles.
  • Scoop design allows load and carry function for mixing.
  • Lift and tip-out design makes stockpiling operations easy.
  • Scoop tilt control is standard to maximize worksite efficiency.

  • Standard Equipment
  • Optional Equipment
  • Specs
  • Docs

Standard Equipment

  • NOTE
    • Standard and optional equipment may vary. Consult your Cat dealer for details.
  • POWER TRAIN
    • Advanced Productivity Electronic Control System (APECS)
    • Air to air aftercooler
    • Brakes, full hydraulic, enclosed, wet single disc service brakes
    • Cat clean emission module (Tier 4 Final/Stage V only)
    • Electro-hydraulic parking brake
    • Electronic Clutch Pressure Control (ECPC)
    • Engine, Cat C7.1 configured for two emissions options
      – Tier 4 Final/ EU Stage V
      – Brazil MAR-1 and China Nonroad Stage III, equivalent to Tier 3/EU Stage IIIA
    • Engine driven cooling fan – suction
    • Fuel priming pump (electric)
    • Fuel to air cooler
    • Muffler (under hood) (Brazil MAR-1 and China Nonroad Stage III, equivalent to U.S. EPA Tier 3/EU Stage IIIA)
    • Radiator, unit core
    • Throttle lock
    • Transmission, planetary, with 4F/4R speed range control
  • ELECTRICAL
    • Alternator, 150 amp
    • Batteries, maintenance-free
    • Electrical system, 24V
    • Lights, directional (rear)
    • Lighting system, (front and rear)
    • Starter, electric
  • SAFETY
    • Alarm, back-up
    • Light, warning switched (LED strobe)
    • Camera, rear vision
    • Cat Detect: Object Detection (ready)
    • Mirror, internal (panoramic)
    • Mirrors, rearview (externally mounted)
    • Seat belt with minder, retractable, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    • STIC control system with lockout
    • Emergency platform egress
  • OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
    • 12V power port for mobile phone or laptop connection
    • Air conditioner
    • Cab, sound-suppressed pressurized
    • Cab door, sliding window (LH)
    • Coat and hard hat hooks
    • Finger tip shifting controls
    • Flip-up armrest
    • Heater and defroster
    • Horn, electric
    • Hydraulic controls – seat mounted
    • Implement hydraulic lockout
    • Instrumentation, gauges
      – DEF fluid level (Tier 4 Final/Stage V only)
      – Engine coolant temperature
      – Fuel level
      – Hydraulic oil temperature
      – Speedometer/tachometer
      – Torque converter temperature
    • Instrumentation, warning indicators
      – Action alert system, three categories
      – Brake oil pressure
      – Electrical system, low voltage
      – Engine failure malfunction alert and action lamp
      – Parking brake status
    • Light, (dome) cab
    • Lunch box and beverage holders
    • Radio ready for entertainment
      – Antenna
      – Speakers
      – Converter (12V, 10-15 amp)
    • Seat, Premium Plus
      -forced air heating and cooling
      -two-way thigh adjustment
      -power lumbar and back bolster adjustment
      -ride stiffness adjustment
      -dynamic end dampening
      -leather finish
    • Sun visor, front
    • Rubber Mounted, tinted glass
    • Transmission gear (indicator)
    • Vital Information Management System (VIMS)
      – Graphical information display
      – External data port
      – Customizable operator profiles
      – Event indicator light on rear grill
    • Wet-arm wipers/washers (front and rear)
      – Intermittent wipers (front and rear)
  • OTHER
    • Guards, crankcase and power train
    • Guard, driveshaft
  • COLD WEATHER
    • Starting aid (ether)
    • Antifreeze, premixed 50% concentration extended life (–34° C/–29° F)
  • SERVICE
    • Ground level engine shutoff
    • Ground level lockable master disconnect switch
    • Starting receptacle for emergency start
    • Doors, service access (locking)
    • Ecology drains for engine, radiator, transmission, hydraulic tank
    • Engine, crankcase, 500 hour interval with CJ-4 oil
    • Fire suppression ready
    • Oil change system, high speed
    • Oil sampling valves
    • Total hydraulic filtration system
    • Engine precleaner
  • EFFICIENCY
    • Torque converter
    • Steering, load sensing
  • OTHER STANDARD EQUIPMENT
    • DEF tank fill gauge
    • Fuel tank, 500 L (132.1 gal)
    • Hitch, drawbar with pin
    • Hoses, Cat XT™
    • Hydraulic, engine, and transmission oil coolers
    • Vandalism protection caplocks
    • Venturi stack

Optional Equipment

Specs

Overview

Long Name:
814 Wheel Dozer
Name:
814
Brand:
Caterpillar
Status:
Current

Engine - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V

Engine Model
Cat C7.1
Net Power (SAE J1349:2011)
249 HP / 186 kW
Net Power (ISO 9249:2007)
249 HP / 186 kW
Emissions
U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V
Rated Speed
2200 r/min / 2200 r/min
Gross Power (SAE J1995:2014)
284 HP / 212 kW
Engine Power (ISO 14396:2002)
275 HP / 205 kW
Peak Torque - 1,400 rpm
902 lb/ft / 1223 N·m
Torque Rise
52%
Bore
4.1 in / 105 mm
Stroke
5.3 in / 135 mm
Displacement
427.8 in³ / 7.01 l
High Idle Speed
2270 r/min / 2270 r/min
Low Idle Speed
800 r/min / 800 r/min
Maximum Altitude without Derating
9842.5 ft / 3000 m
Note
Net power advertised is the power available at the engine flywheel when the engine is equipped with a fan, air cleaner, clean emissions module and alternator.

Engine - Brazil Mar-1 and China Nonroad Stage III, Equivalent to Tier 3/EU Stage IIIA

Engine Model
Cat C7.1
Emissions
Brazil MAR-1 and China Nonroad Stage III, equivalent to Tier 3/EU Stage IIIA
Rated Speed
2200 r/min / 2200 r/min
Net Power (SAE J1349:2011)
249 HP / 186 kW
Gross Power (SAE J1995:2014)
286 HP / 213 kW
Engine Power (ISO 14396:2002)
275 HP / 205 kW
Peak Torque - 1,400 rpm
749 lb/ft / 1016 N·m
Torque Rise
26%
Bore
4.1 in / 105 mm
Stroke
5.3 in / 135 mm
Displacement
427.8 in³ / 7.01 l
High Idle Speed
2270 r/min / 2270 r/min

Operating Specifications - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V

Operating Weight
48526 lb / 22011 kg

Operating Specifications - Brazil Mar-1 and China Nonroad Stage III, Equivalent to Tier 3/EU Stage IIIA

Operating Weight
47887 lb / 21721 kg

Operating Specifications - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V - Scoop

Operating Weight
52280 lb / 23714 kg

Operating Specifications - Brazil Mar-1 and China Nonroad Stage III, Equivalent to Tier 3/EU Stage IIIA - Scoop

Operating Weight
51639 lb / 23423 kg

Transmission

Transmission Type
Cat Planetary Power Shift
Forward - 1
3.7 mile/h / 5.9 km/h
Forward - 2
6.5 mile/h / 10.4 km/h
Forward - 3
11.2 mile/h / 18.1 km/h
Forward - 4
19.4 mile/h / 31.3 km/h
Reverse - 1
4.2 mile/h / 6.7 km/h
Reverse - 2
7.3 mile/h / 11.8 km/h
Reverse - 3
12.8 mile/h / 20.6 km/h
Reverse - 4
22.1 mile/h / 35.5 km/h

Hydraulic System - Lift/Tilt

Lift/Tilt System - Circuit
Pilot operated LS valve with EH
Lift/Tilt System
Variable displacement piston
Maximum Flow at 2,200 rpm
23.5 gal/min / 89 l/min
Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt
3190 psi / 22000 kPa
Cylinders, Double Acting - Lift, Bore and Stroke
120 mm × 915 mm (4.7 in × 36.0 in)
Cylinders, Double Acting - Left and Right Tilt, Bore and Stroke
101.6 mm × 234 mm (4.0 in × 9.2 in)
Pilot System
Open center, fixed displacement gear
Pilot Relief Valve Setting
3046 psi / 21000 kPa

Hydraulic System - Steering

Steering System - Circuit
Pilot, load sensing
Steering System - Pump
Variable displacement piston
Maximum Flow at 2,200 rpm
38.8 gal/min / 147 l/min
Relief Valve Setting - Steering
4003 psi / 27600 kPa
Steering Cycle Times - High Idle
3 s / 3 s
Steering Cycle Times - Low Idle
8.2 s / 8.2 s

Service Refill Capacities

Fuel Tank
132.1 gal (US) / 500 l
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Tank
4.2 gal (US) / 16 l
Cooling Systems - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V
21.4 gal (US) / 81 l
Cooling Systems - Brazil MAR-1 and China NonroadStage III, equivalent to Tier 3/EU Stage IIIA
19.3 gal (US) / 73 l
Engine Crankcase
5.3 gal (US) / 20 l
Transmission
13.2 gal (US) / 50 l
Differential - Final Drives - Front
17.2 gal (US) / 65 l
Differential - Final Drives - Rear
17.2 gal (US) / 65 l
Hydraulic System - Implement/Steering
34.1 gal (US) / 129 l
Hydraulic Tank Only
19.8 gal (US) / 75 l

Axles

Front
Planetary – Fixed
Rear
Planetary – Oscillating
Oscillation Angle
±10°

Braking System

Service Brakes
Single Disc Wet (enclosed) 4 WHL
Parking Brake
Drum and Shoe, Spring Applied, Hydraulic Released

Dimensions (Approximate)

Height to Top of Beacon
13.1 ft / 3981 mm
Height - Top of Cab
12.1 ft / 3694 mm
Height - Top of Exhaust Pipe
11.3 ft / 3439 mm
Height - Top of Hood
8.7 ft / 2663 mm
Height to Top of Radiator Guard
8 ft / 2453 mm
Ground Clearance to Hitch
1.4 ft / 413 mm
Ground Clearance to Transmission Guard
1.4 ft / 422 mm
Ground Clearance to Bottom of Bumper
2.3 ft / 712 mm
Centerline of Rear Axle to Bumper
6.5 ft / 1990 mm
Centerline of Front Axle to Hitch
5.5 ft / 1675 mm
Wheel Base
11 ft / 3350 mm
Width over Platform
10.3 ft / 3145 mm
Overall Length to Front Tire
21 ft / 6356 mm
Overall Machine Length with Straight Blade
23.6 ft / 7190 mm
Overall Machine Length with Coal Blade
25.5 ft / 7784 mm

Scoops

Chip Scoop Doze Capacity
37.9 yd³ / 29 m³
Chip Scoop Carry Capacity
19 yd³ / 14.5 m³

Sound Performance - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V - Standard

Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396)
70 dB(A) / 70 dB(A)
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395)
111 dB(A) / 111 dB(A)
Note (1)
The operator sound pressure level was measured according to the test procedures and conditions specified in ISO 6396:2008. The measurement was conducted at the maximum engine cooling fan speed.
Note (2)
Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in a noisy environment.
Note (3)
The machine sound power level was measured according to the test procedures and conditions specified in ISO 6395:2008. The measurement was conducted at the maximum engine cooling fan speed.
Note (4)
The operator sound pressure level uncertainty is ± 2 dB(A)

Sound Performance - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V - Suppression

Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396)
70 dB(A) / 70 dB(A)
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395)
109 dB(A) / 109 dB(A)
Note (1)
The operator sound pressure level was measured according to the test procedures and conditions specified in ISO 6396:2008. The measurement was conducted at the maximum engine cooling fan speed.
Note (2)
Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in a noisy environment.
Note (3)
The machine sound power level was measured according to the test procedures and conditions specified in ISO 6395:2008. The measurement was conducted at the maximum engine cooling fan speed.
Note (4)
The operator sound pressure level uncertainty is ± 2 dB(A).

Sound Performance - Brazil Mar-1 and China Nonroad Stage III, Equivalent to Tier 3/EU Stage IIIA - Standard

Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396)
70 dB(A) / 70 dB(A)
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395)
112 dB(A) / 112 dB(A)
Note (1)
The operator sound pressure level was measured according to the test procedures and conditions specified in ISO 6396:2008. The measurement was conducted at the maximum engine cooling fan speed.
Note (2)
Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in a noisy environment.
Note (3)
The machine sound power level was measured according to the test procedures and conditions specified in ISO 6395:2008. The measurement was conducted at the maximum engine cooling fan speed.
Note (4)
The operator sound pressure level uncertainty is ± 2 dB(A).

Sound Performance - Brazil Mar-1 and China Nonroad Stage III, Equivalent to Tier 3/EU Stage IIIA - Suppression

Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396)
70 dB(A) / 70 dB(A)
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395)
110 dB(A) / 110 dB(A)
Note (1)
The operator sound pressure level was measured according to the test procedures and conditions specified in ISO 6396:2008. The measurement was conducted at the maximum engine cooling fan speed.
Note (2)
Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in a noisy environment.
Note (3)
The machine sound power level was measured according to the test procedures and conditions specified in ISO 6395:2008. The measurement was conducted at the maximum engine cooling fan speed.
Note (4)
The operator sound pressure level uncertainty is ± 2 dB(A).

Hydraulic System - Steering

Total Steering Angle
72°