New | 994K Wheel Loader

Cat Large Wheel Loaders are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to move more material efficiently and safely at a lower cost per ton.
Introduced in 1990, the 994 has become the top customer choice in its size class for over 25 years. Focused on helping our customers succeed, we have continued to build upon each new series' legacy of reliability, safety, operator comfort, serviceability and sustainability.
All images included in this Specalog show a U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent configuration. It's important to note that the Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V Equivalent will have some physical differences, including the presence of a DEF tank.

Engine
Net Power1739 HP
Engine ModelCat® 3516E
Bore6.7 in
Stroke8.5 in
Displacement4766 in³
Rated Speed1,600 rpm
EmissionsU.S. EPA Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* or U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent
Gross Power - ISO 143961847 HP
Gross Power - SAE J19951870 HP
Net Power - SAE J1349 - Standard Ambient1739 HP
Peak Torque - 1,200 rpm - SAE J19958549 lb/ft
Torque Rise39%
Net Power - SAE J1349 - High Ambient1696 HP
Note (1)The power ratings apply when tested under the reference conditions for the specified standard.
Note (2)The net power advertised is the power available at the flywheel when the engine is equipped with fan, alternator, air cleaner, and muffler.
Note (3)The gross power advertised is with the fan at maximum speed.
Note (4)*Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV configuration is ready to meet Stage V emission requirements once in effect.
Operating Specifications
Operating Weight534852 lb
Bucket Capacity Range19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)
Rated Payload - High Lift42 t
Rated Payload - Standard45 t
Bucket Capacity Range - Coal32.1-43.6 m3 (42-57 yd3)
Bucket Capacity Range - Iron Ore22.3 yd³
Bucket Capacity Range - Rock19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)
Transmission
Transmission TypeCat Planetary Power Shift
Forward - 14.6 mile/h
Forward - 28 mile/h
Forward - 313.6 mile/h
Reverse - 15 mile/h
Reverse - 28.8 mile/h
Reverse - 314.9 mile/h
Direct Drive - Forward 1Lock-up disables
Direct Drive - Forward 28.7 mile/h
Direct Drive - Forward 315.2 mile/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 1Lock-up disables
Direct Drive - Reverse 29.6 mile/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 316.8 mile/h
NoteTravel speeds based on 58/85-57 tires.
Hydraulic System - Lift/Tilt
Cylinders, Double Acting - Lift, Bore and Stroke370 × 1713 mm (14.6 × 67.4 in)
Cylinders, Double Acting - Tilt, Bore and Stroke310 × 1086 mm (12.2 × 42.8 in)
Lift/Tilt System - CircuitPositive Flow Control
Lift/Tilt System - PumpVariable Displacement Piston
Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed541 gal/min
Pilot SystemOpen Loop and Pressure Reducing
Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt4587 psi
Hydraulic Cycle Times
Raise12.6 s
Dump3.1 s
Lower Float Down4.2 s
Rack Back4.9 s
Total Hydraulic Cycle Time - Empty Bucket23.5 s
Complete System Fill
Cooling System138 gal (US)
Differential - Final Drives - Front220 gal (US)
Differential - Final Drives - Rear200 gal (US)
Engine Crankcase76 gal (US)
Fuel Tank - Standard910 gal (US)
Fuel Tank - With 24 hr Attachment1500 gal (US)
Hydraulic Tank - Implement and Hydraulic Fan270 gal (US)
Hydraulic Tank - Steering and Braking100 gal (US)
Transmission110 gal (US)
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) (Tier 4 Final/Stage IV)137 gal (US)
Note*Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions.
Oil Renewal System (ORS)*20 gal (US)
Buckets
Bucket Capacities19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)
Axles
FrontFixed
RearTrunnion
Oscillation Angle
Brakes
BrakesISO 3450:2011
Sound Performance - Standard
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008)119 dB(A)
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent72 dB(A)
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV*72 dB(A)
Note*EU Stage V ready.
Sound PerformanceThe measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in
Hydraulic System - Steering
Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed259 gal/min
Relief Valve Setting - Steering4496 psi
Steering System - CircuitPilot, Load Sensing
Steering System - PumpPiston, Variable Displacement
Total Steering Angle80 degrees
Steering Cycle Times - High Idle4.3 s
Steering Cycle Times - Low Idle7.6 s
Cooling System
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 1 equivalent)131 °F
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 4 Final)127.4 °F
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - Standard109.4 °F
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift31.7 ft
Clearance at Maximum Lift23.3 ft
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift–50.0 degrees
Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip23.3 ft
Ground to Bumper Clearance4.4 ft
Ground to Center of Axles6 ft
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance2.9 ft
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks23.2 ft
Ground to Top of Hood18.6 ft
Ground to Top of ROPS23.4 ft
Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised41.2 ft
Maximum Overall Length66 ft
NoteAssumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57.
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift59.4 degrees
Rack Back Angle - Carry53.7 degrees
Rack Back Angle - Ground Level45.0 degrees
Reach - Maximum Lift8.8 ft
Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper20.4 ft
Tread Width14.1 ft
Wheel Base22.3 ft
Width - Over Tires - With Bulge18.8 ft
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift28.8 ft
Clearance at Maximum Lift20.2 ft
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift–50.0 degrees
Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip21.3 ft
Ground to Bumper Clearance4.4 ft
Ground to Center of Axles6 ft
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance2.9 ft
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks23.2 ft
Ground to Top of Hood18.6 ft
Ground to Top of ROPS23.4 ft
Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised38.6 ft
Maximum Overall Length64 ft
NoteAssumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57.
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift59.5 degrees
Rack Back Angle - Carry47.7 degrees
Rack Back Angle - Ground Level39.7 degrees
Reach - Maximum Lift9.3 ft
Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper20.4 ft
Tread Width14.1 ft
Wheel Base22.3 ft
Width - Over Tires - With Bulge18.8 ft
Sound Performance - Suppression
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008)117 dB(A)
Note*EU Stage V ready.
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent71 dB(A)
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV*71 dB(A)
Sound PerformanceThe measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in
  • Buckets And Ground Engaging Tools
  • Technology Solutions
  • System Match Efficiency
  • Sustainability
  • Structures
  • Serviceability
  • Safety
  • Power Train
  • Operator Station
  • Hydraulics
  • Customer Support
  • Cat Minestar System

Standard Equipment

ELECTRICAL
  • Back-up alarm
  • Alternator (225 amp)
  • Dry batteries
  • 10/15 amp, 24V to 12V converter
  • Disconnect switch in bumper
  • LED warning lights (pattern selectable)
  • LED lighting system (working lights, access and service platform lights, turn signals/hazard lights)
  • Emergency jump start receptacle
  • Starter and transmission lockout in bumper
  • Combined VIMS download and Cat Electronic Technician service port in bumper
  • 24V starting and charging system
  • Electric starters
OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
  • Air conditioner
  • Cab pressure indicator
  • Cab is sound suppressed and pressurized with separate external rollover protective structure (ROPS/FOPS) radio ready for entertainment, includes antenna, speakers and converter (12-volt 5-amp) and power port
  • Cat Vision (rear vision camera system)
  • Coat hook
  • Lift and tilt function controls
  • Graphical touchscreen information display, conveys real time operating information and payload measurement
  • Heater, defroster, auto temperature controls
  • Electric (field and shop) horns
  • Gauge instrumentation
    – DEF Level, if equipped
    – Coolant temperature
    – Hydraulic oil temperature
    – Fuel level
    – Power train oil temperature
    – Engine speed (tachometer)
    – Transmission gear
    – Ground speed
    – Engine hour meter
  • Warning/indicator instrumentation
    – Low DEF Level, if equipped
    – Three category action alert system
    – Brake malfunction
    – Bucket float status
    – Delayed engine shutdown status
    – Engine idle shutdown status
    – Engine malfunction
    – Fue
  • Keypad control with indicator lights
    – Fuel economy mode
    – Implement kickouts
    – Lockup clutch
    – Manual lube
    – Quickshift enable
    – Rimpull control system
    – Side rearview mirror heater
    – Throttle lock
    – Turn signals
    • Dash ba
    • Dome light in cab
    • Lunchbox and beverage holders
    • Rearview mirrors (externally mounted)
    • Retractable seat belt, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    • Cat Comfort (cloth), air suspension, six-way adjustable seat
    • Trainer seat with lap belt, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    • STIC system
    • Sun screen, pull down (front and rear)
    • Tinted glass
    • VIMS with Information Display: external data port, Cycle Timer, integrated Cat Production Measurement
    • Intermittent wet arm wipers/washers (front and rear)
    • Service center
      – Keypad, messenger, ET, VIMS, stairway lamp
POWER TRAIN
  • Oil cooled, multi-disc, service/secondary brakes
  • Case drain filters
  • Electro-hydraulic parking brake
  • Engine, 3516E High Displacement (HD) Mechanical Electronic Unit Injector (MEUI™-A) Air-to-Air After Cooling (ATAAC) diesel, turbocharged/aftercooled
  • Engine prelube
  • Fuel priming pump (electric)
  • Ground level engine shutoff
  • Engine air intake (above hood) precleaner
  • Radiator, Aluminum Modular Radiator (AMR)
  • Automatic, ether starting aid
  • Electronic throttle lock
  • Impeller Clutch Torque Converter (ICTC) with Lock-Up Clutch (LUC) and rimpull control system
  • Planetary powershift, 3F/3R electronic control transmission
OTHER
  • Automatic bucket lift/tilt kickout/positioner
  • Automatic lubrication system
  • Cat O-ring face seal couplings
  • Lockable service access doors
  • Ecology drains
  • Economy Mode
  • High speed engine oil change system
  • Front frame access with steps
  • Front walkway around cab
  • Ground level fast fill fuel system
  • Transmission guard
  • Drawbar hitch with pin
  • Cat XT™ hoses
  • Implement, steering and brake filtration/screening system
  • Left side service center
  • Oil sampling valves
  • Premixed 50% concentration of extended life coolant with freeze protection to –34° C (–29° F)
  • Pump bay access ladders with T-handle and platform
  • Rear access to cab and service platform
  • Load sensing steering
  • Supplemental steering system
  • Tie-offs on ROPS and radiator guards
  • Toe kicks
  • Vandalism protection caplocks
  • Cooling cleanout service package
  • Venturi stacks

Optional Equipment

POWER TRAIN
  • Oil Renewal System (ORS) (Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions.)
ELECTRICAL
  • Service lights
OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
  • AM/FM/CD/MP3 radio
  • AM/FM/CD/MP3 radio with Bluetooth® and satellite ready
MACHINE CONTROL AND GUIDANCE
  • Cat Terrain ready
SPARE RIMS
  • 1118 mm (44") spare rim
  • 1194 mm (47") spare rim
MISCELLANEOUS ATTACHMENTS
  • Wheel chocks

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